Diseases Following Disasters

It is no longer questionable that disease is much away distinctive with disasters. Even though both of the occurrences make suffer many people, disease is something that human can predict and prevent. Conversely, only god who exclusively knows the time of a disaster to occurs. Recently, Indonesia extremely has suffered from many deaths and loss. The surge of tsunami in Mentawai and the eruption of volcano in Jogja has made many children live without father anymore. Those accidents are perfectly unpredictable. However, as a public health, it is obviously a very big deal to investigate epidemic and many communicable diseases following the disasters. It is completely possible, ever since many infrastructures and environments irritated due to disasters as well as no longer supporting houses and sanitation for healthy living.

Just for evidences, January 12, 2010, the earthquake with more than 12 Richter scale occurred in Port-au-Prince Haiti. The disaster has made many people died, not merely by the earthquake, but also with diseases following the incident. At least, 140 people reported died in Haiti due to cholera. Besides, 1.526 cases beyond communicable diseases spread throughout Artibonite and Middle Plateau. The cases were presumably addressed to contaminated water and irritated environment.

An epidemic is a killer machine post a disaster. Many AIDS-new comers noted after tsunami disaster six years ago. Moreover, poor environment preservation and lack management in burying deceased-bodies post disasters (the earthquake in papua, the earthquake in West Sumatera, and The Giant flood in Situ Gintung) appeal many vectors and etiologies caused contagious disease spread in wide broad range of area. As a result, many people died and suffer from the secondary disaster waving. Continue reading

“How to distinguish between epidemic and pseudo epidemic”

An epidemic is a condition which people have to understand as comprehensively as possible. It is because if there is a misunderstanding of this term, there might be a huge mistake while people are coping in case of a disease.  In epidemiology, an epidemic epi- meaning “on or in” and demic- meaning “people”, occurs when new cases of a certain disease, in a given human population, and during a given period, substantially exceed what is “expected,” based on recent experience. Nowadays, the occurrences of an epidemic are not only for communicable disease but also for non-communicable infections. In the other case, a true epidemic is almost alike with pseudo epidemic (fake epidemic) especially in case number increasing. Therefore, some people may assume that pseudo epidemic is a true epidemic; however, both of these terms are totally different. There are many points that differ between epidemic and pseudo epidemic.

One of obvious dissimilarities is manner in the case of recording. An epidemic occurrence is stated by sophisticated and technologically instruments. For instance, public health uses mammography to indicate if someone is suffering from breast cancer. Then, an epidemic of breast cancer –based on increasing findings of breast cancer- is accurately declared when it convey to the public. A pseudo-breast cancer epidemic possibly occurs when it is based on sophisticated and technologically instruments; however, most of these occurrences are due of a lack of instruments and technological means. Therefore, an increasing number of breast cancer case –and it is stated as epidemic- probably happens while the manners how to detect this disease are still manual and conservative. Whereas a true breast cancer epidemic is recorded by computerization way and experts, an epidemic of pseudo breast cancer is not. Continue reading